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THE IMPACT OF THE MEDIA ON ELECTORAL FORTUNE OF POLITICAL PARTIES IN NIGERIA

THE IMPACT OF THE MEDIA ON ELECTORAL FORTUNE OF POLITICAL PARTIES IN NIGERIA

CHAPTER ONE

1.0     Introduction

1.1     Background to the Study

Mass media play a crucial role in fostering an environment of good governance and political awareness in society. As the watchdog and interpreter of public issues and events, the media has a special role in every society. In information-based society; the media have a disproportionately visible and influential role says International Foundation for Election Systems, (2011). Continue reading →

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AN APPRAISAL OF DEREGULATION OF BROADCAST MEDIA IN NIGERIA

AN APPRAISAL OF DEREGULATION OF BROADCAST MEDIA IN NIGERIA

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INTRODUCTION

Broadcasting started in Nigeria with the radio broadcasting in 1936. It started as a relay of the British Empire services (Williams A. Hachten 1971). Raufu, (2011:56) observes that, “before the fourth decade of the 20th century, the British colonialists had depended on the print media for publicity and propaganda and they later added radio to their arsenal of information dissemination”. Continue reading →

THE IMPACT OF INTERNET ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF NIGERIAN STUDENTS

THE IMPACT OF INTERNET ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF NIGERIAN STUDENTS

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 CHAPTER ONE

1.0       INTRODUCTION

1.1       BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

The internet provides several opportunities for academic performance and competence among students. It is a mechanism for information dissemination and a medium for collaborative interaction between individual and their computers without regard for geographic limitation of space. Continue reading →

THE IMPACT OF INTERNET ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF NIGERIAN STUDENTS

THE IMPACT OF INTERNET ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF NIGERIAN STUDENTS

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 CHAPTER ONE

1.0       INTRODUCTION

1.1       BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

The internet provides several opportunities for academic performance and competence among students. It is a mechanism for information dissemination and a medium for collaborative interaction between individual and their computers without regard for geographic limitation of space. Continue reading →

INFLUENCE OF RADIO ON THE ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT OF PEOPLE

INFLUENCE OF RADIO ON THE ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT OF PEOPLE

CHAPTER ONE

1.0       Introduction

1.1       Background to the Study

1.2       Statement of the Problem

1.3       Objectives of the Study

1.4       Research Questions

1.5       Scope of the Study

1.6       Significance of the Study

1.7       Limitation of the Study.

1.8.      Definition of Terms Continue reading →

INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT) AND COMPETENCY ON MEDIA PRACTITIONERS

CHAPTER ONE

1.0 Introduction

Information and Communication Technology (ICT) which according to a great Canadian English Professor Marshall McLuhan ,described as what has changed the world into a global village by compressing the world into a single electronic room where information from nooks and crannies of the world can be exploited and disseminated or exchanged within a twinkle of an eye.

Internet is now a new way of gathering news, which offers maximum advantages to Nigerian journalists. Internet has become an encyclopedia of almost all information in the world and most of the information is gathered free unlike that of subscription to news agencies and wire service before journalists can have access to international news and other information globally.

1.1 Background of the Study

The development of technology most especially in this century has impact on every sphere of human life to include mass media. This has changed the look of the existing media. Because of this, the practice of journalism is no longer in the way of one-dimensional flow of information rather it is interactive and the audience are now part of the information gathering and information distribution. It should be noted that information quality through the internet demands caution as it is questionable since it lack the activities of the gatekeepers who can decide what information to disseminate and what not to make available for the public.

Internet poses many challenges on mass media because mass media is considered “spoon-feed” sources of information, a one-way conversation where some media outlets or publishers say “Here you go”, “This is it.” whereas, with the computer technology the power has shifted to the people and the proliferation of information users and audience generated content. It is now a two-way conversation.

Meanwhile, the new media, which the internet is one, has gone along way in bringing information to ones doorstep.

It is known fact that journalist in Nigerian who want to report adequate information about the widest topical issues will benefit from the service of the internet as source of gathering information and making it possible for journalist to exchange information.

The internet can also help the Nigerian journalist to peak into the daily affairs of the public without physical presence of journalist; it does reduces traveling and hotel accommodation cost and stress.

Therefore, the impact of the information and communication technology (internet) on journalists cannot be over emphasizing for it’s an essential source where journalist gets information at anytime.

ASSESSMENT OF AUDIENCE AWARENESS, ACCESSIBILITY AND PATRONAGE OF ONLINE NEWSPAPERS

CHAPTER ONE

1.0   Introduction

1.1   Background to the study

Technology has revolutionized all facets of communication during the past decades. Access to the people and information practically anywhere in the world has been quicker, cheaper and easier.

Awake (2002), the dynamic nature of the 2ls century and more centuries to come rests on technological revolution. No wonder, Marshall Mcluhan, a Canadian scholar in 1964 propounded the concept of “Global Village” regarding the entire global as having the potentials of becoming a global community where information and news about anywhere in the world would be readily available for anyone’s consumption in any part of the world.

Without mincing worlds, the impact of International Network (Internet) in achieving this feat cannot be underestimated. Research has shown that some Three hundred thousand (300,000) new users get connected to the internet every week. In 1999, it was estimated that seven hundred million (700,000,000) people were expected to come online by the year 2001. Awake (Op cit).

Meanwhile, there are presently over one billion computers connected worldwide. That come to tell us the enormity and wide range of opportunities abound in accessing news and information via the internet. Through the internet super high way, it is now possible for a person to live in Nigeria, work in Japan, school in the United state of America, attend meetings in Australia, bank in the United Kingdom and shop in Europe or any other part of world on daily basis (NACETEM) The contribution of the internet to every facet of human endeavour does not leave any stone unturned but cut across every little thing that we suggest  among which are banking, health, education, economy and finance governance just to mention a few.

Newspaper, our focus in this study is not an exemption in the dynamism Information Technology (I T) has brought to the human race. The Oxford Advance Learner’ s Dictionary (2005) simply defines newspaper as “a set of large printed sheets of paper containing news, articles, advertisement .etc. and published every day or every week. In relation to the above definition it could be safely said that online newspapers are the publications of print media (Newspapers) that are made available on the internet which can be easily passed across the world.

Super High Way for near and far, national and international audience. Online Newspaper can be considered as a major advancement in communication that has led to a high quality and improved ways.

Newspapers are recognized as print media in communication. Unarguably, the internet is traceably gaining acceptance in online newspaper in more centuries.

Thus, a newspaper is a periodic publication containing reports of latest happening, it is bound and folded but not usually stapled. The information technology revolution, which has turned the entire universe to a global village is now at the heart of communication.

Online Newspapers is made possible as a result of interconnection of computers worldwide. The I T revolution has not only helped in print media but also contributed immensely to the other communication endeavours.

The world is changing day by day. Also, human communication devices and processes are not static.

Before the advent of print technology, information of news is by passing and dissemination, each community has its own way of passing information to its members that is, the traditional communication through Obas, chief with the use of Oba’s message town crier. The message source is the traditional rulers the message is sent through the town crier to the people to inform them of an important event. Not all town criers make use of gong, bell but some use drum or speech etc. More often than not this message is been disseminated in the market place because several people will be there to listen to the message.

 

1.2 Statement of the Problem

The adoption of new inventions and change is usually a thing of great concern in the Third world countries of which Nigeria is one. Hence as a result of the introduction of online newspaper, a phenomenon seemed to have been embraced and taken its, firm root in some media organization particularly print media the country.

This research work is however set to probe into the audience awareness, accessibility as well as patronage of online newspapers.

 

1.3 Objectives of the Study

  • To know if students are aware of online newspapers and news blogs?
  • To examine whether students have access to online   newspapers or news blogs?
  • To know the kind of information or news students seek in   online newspapers?
  • To study if there is any factor limiting or militating students   access to online newspapers/News blogs?
  • To know how often do students patronize online   newspapers/news blogs?
  • To examine the benefit which newspaper industries derive in   placing their news online?
  • To x-ray the negative effect of online news to newspaper              industries

1.4 Research Questions

To assist in carrying this research, the under listed research questions are hereby formulated:

  • Do students aware of online newspapers and news blogs?
  • Do students have access to online newspapers and news blog?
  • What kind of information or news do people seek in online   newspapers/news blogs?
  • Is there any factor limiting or militating students’ access to   online newspapers/ news blog?
  • How often do students patronize online newspapers/news   blogs?
  • Is there any benefit derieve by newspaper industries in   placing their news online?
  • Is there any negative effect of online news to newspaper   industries?

 

1.5   Significance of the Study

Considering the prevalent Information Technology (IT) revolution and the rate at which it has transformed all facets of human endeavours, there is the need to increase the awareness and patronage of online newspapers and audience. In view of the foregoing, this research work is significant in many respects.

One, the study would seem to afford newspaper organizations the opportunity to work out modalities with a view to increasing audience awareness as well as patronage of online newspapers.

Secondly, the study is also significant in that would expose more people to the existence of online newspapers. This will turn to boost the awareness and facilitate the patronage of online newspaper especially among those who are ignorant of the development.

Also, it is hoped that this research work would essentially help to reveal to the audience, the benefits gratifications of online newspaper that combines text with quality and improve graphics as well as photographic items.

With this view, it is believed that the study would not only seem to be significant in stimulating not audience awareness accessibility and patronage of online newspaper but would also help facilitate further enquiry and research on the topic.

 

1.6   Scope of the Study

In the pursuance of the research work without recourse to other areas of communication or geography (population), this study will only extend and limit its tentacles to the assessment of online newspaper in relation to audience awareness, accessibility and patronage of online newspapers, using the students of Osun State Polytechnic, Iree as the selected population.

 

1.7    Limitation of the Study

        It is not an overstatement that a work of this nature cannot be carried out without some hard experience, however below are some of the constrains to this work.

        There are many limitations ranging form not knowing where to start, not knowing who to consult or approach for materials not knowing what next to write in various segment of this study and not actually knowing who to put me through in achieving my work and others are:

  1. Stress from other academic activities is one of the limitations to the research work
  2. Financial constraint to travel to different places .
  3. Duration for the research work is relatively short
  4. Materials that are available on this topic is relatively small as the concept is new or people are not written from that angle.

 

1.8 Definition of Terms

The terms would be defined as they are related to the research work.

Communication: Is the act of transmitting information idea and  attitude from one person to another.

Online Newspaper: Are those publications of print media (Newspapers) that are made available on the internet.

Audience: Is a number of information consumers that bread newspaper (Oxford Popular Dictionary).

Awareness: The Oxford Popular Dictionary defined awareness as the art of being in the know how or having knowledge or conscious of something.(e .g. Online newspapers).

Accessibility: The right opportunity or means of approach or online newspapers.

Patronage: The art of seeking the service of online newspapers.

 

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THE IMPACT OF MASS MEDIA ON CHILDHOOD SOCIALIZATION

CHAPTER ONE

Introduction

Background to the Study

Mass media can be discussed as organizations that produce news, information, messages or entertainment contents and distribute to a large number of geographically separated people through a technologically based medium such as radio, television, newspaper, magazine or internet.

Although, mass communication is often associated with mass media, these two terms are not identical. The Internet has enabled individuals and non-media organizations to engage in mass communication, even though they may not fit the traditional definition of a mass media institution. What distinguishes mass media is that they are organized primarily for the purpose
of producing mass communication. Many mass media companies are privately owned, which means they also seek to earn a profit. Demer, (2005).

Television has become a significant social phenomenon in Nigeria and all over the world. Television viewing is generally believed to generate social forces of undeniable influence. It is assumed to be the most popular entertainment mass medium for children and women. It is this section of daily programmes, which gets full attention of the viewers. One might say, whatever impact television is able to inculcate, it is because of various plays, films and musical shows etc. which are telecasted everyday. Zubari, (1992).

Mass communication is a social process that is the act of transmitting messages to a large number of people or groups. Mass media, on the other hand, are social institutions that produce messages (like news, information, and entertainment programming) for mass communication. As social institutions, mass media pursue goals and engage in repetitive activities (e.g., gathering the news) on a regular basis. Demer, (2005).

Meanwhile, childhood as a stage in the human life cycle encompasses a period of phenomenal biological, physiological, psychological, and social growth. Between infancy and the beginning of adolescence, about age twelve, the human acquires major life skills the ability to walk, talk, read, care for oneself, and come to know the world around him or her. During this time, the child first encounters the major agents of socialization:  the family, peers, schools, and media. Belson, (1978).

The child now is very different with the several years ago. It is the real problem to the parent, teacher and government for handling that was a serious public problem in many societies around the world, one of the main causes was media influence. David, (2003).

The children in common society will be easy to accepting influence from media message and they have good memories to do anything because of stimulant in them. The brains can help to learning and doing anything. It’s transforms to be their negative lifestyle and copy-cat behavior. David, (2003).

It is very clear that television being a powerful agent of socialization and with the power to transmit programmes like cartoons, films and other in audio-visual has the ability to influence pupils and youth especially at their adolescent age than another mass media because children tend to believe what they see than what is transmitted through blind media of radio i.e see is believing.

To this end, the research is set to determine the impact of mass media on childhood socialization among primary school children in some selected primary school in Boripe Loacl Government of Osun State, with the view to know how mass media impacts their socialization, learning skill and socio-cultural behaviours among the children, what are the role play by parents on the media message habits of their children.

Statement of the Research Problem

Mass media explosion has dramatically changed the environment in which children are raised. Electronic media provide children with a variety of new learning opportunities and broaden the range of events children experience. Socialization is no longer constrained to the influences of family, peers and other people in children’s immediate surroundings.

Indeed, most everything we experience as humans has impact on the way our brain becomes wired, just as the things we eat have an impact on our body. As with a food diet, it is important to consider issues such as amount, content, and age appropriateness when it comes to a media diet.

Although, most research has focused on potential negative effects of some types of media such as radio and television, it is equally important to examine positive effects of a ‘healthy’ media diet.

Therefore, this project research seek to examine the “impact of mass media on childhood socialization of some selected primary school in Boripe Local Government of Osun State”  Objectives of the Study

The following are the objectives of the study:

  • To study the impact of mass media on childhood socialization
  • To know the extent has mass media help in childhood socialization of children
  • To know the extent mass media are useful in childhood socialization of children
  • To examine the problem facing mass media in childhood socialization of children
  • To examine the relationship between mass media and childhood socialization
    • Research Questions

The following are the research questions for the study:

  • To what extent are the children expose to mass media?
  • Does mass media improves childhood socialization?
  • To what extent has mass media helped in childhood socialization of children?
  • To what extent do mass media seduce childhood socialization towards moral conduct?
  • What type of mass media helped in childhood socialization?
    • Significance of the Study

The research will benefit different people, parents, children, teacher, media practitioners, government, human right activist and other. The research project will also encourage the media organizations to shape their programme contents in order to help socialize children to prevent them exposing to immoral behaviours among themselves in both school and home.

The study will also enable children to know the significance and importance of mass media as agent of socialization in their dealings with friends and colleagues and to improve their ways of live academically and socially in the society.

Mass media will at the end of this study see the need to dedicate and design special programmes and events for children to improve their way of socialization academically and socially effectively.

  • Definition of Terms

Impact: The effect, power and control of mass media on childhood socialization

Mass Media: Organizations that produce news or entertainment content and distribute that content to a large number of geographically separated people through a technologically based medium.

Childhood: Childhood is a period of information seeking when the adult, youth, juvenile people of adolescent age between six years to 15 years of age central concern lies in defining a coherent picture of the world.

Socialization: Socialization is the learning processes by which individuals acquire the culture (norms, habits, values, skills and practices) of their society, thereby becoming acceptable members of their society or group.

EVALUATION OF NEWSPAPER READERSHIP AMONG FEMALE STUDENT JOURNALISTS

CHAPTER ONE

  • Introduction
    • Background to the Study

Newspaper is a publication regularly printed and distributed, usually daily or weekly, that contains news, opinions, advertisements, pictures, and other content of general interest.

But the term “newspaper” is often applied to other types of publications. Many corporations and nonprofit groups, for example, produce publications that they call “newspapers,” even though they may not fit all aspects of the definition presented above. They sometimes only publish monthly or quarterly, and they may not contain advertisements or items of general interest. The content of many in-house newspapers, in fact, can be very specialized. Demers, (2005).

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